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Fiqh ( / fiːk /; Arabic: فقه [fɪqh]) is Islamic jurisprudence. Fiqh is often described as the human understanding and practices of the sharia, that is human understanding of the divine Islamic law as revealed in the Quran and the Sunnah (the teachings and practices of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his companions).What is fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence)?
What Is Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence)? Linguistically, fiqh is an Arabic word that means understanding; deep understanding. The word faqih means a person of knowledge and understanding. The Qur’an uses the term to signify deep understanding of matters especially those related to religion.Is fiqh sacred in Islam?
Thus, in contrast to the sharia, fiqh is not regarded as sacred and the schools of thought have differing views on its details, without viewing other conclusions as sacrilegious. This division of interpretation in more detailed issues has resulted in different schools of thought ( madh'hab ).What is the difference between Shariah and fiqh?
Fiqh expands and develops Shariah through interpretation ( ijtihad) of the Quran and Sunnah by Islamic jurists ( ulama ) and is implemented by the rulings ( fatwa) of jurists on questions presented to them. Thus, whereas sharia is considered immutable and infallible by Muslims, fiqh is considered fallible and changeable.