Keyword Analysis & Research: iran government set up

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Frequently Asked Questions

What type of government does Iran have?

The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran ( Persian: نظام جمهوری اسلامی ایران ‎, romanized : Neẓām-e jomhūrī-e eslāmi-e Irān, known simply as Neẓām ( Persian: نظام ‎, lit. 'the system') among its supporters) is the ruling state and current political system in Iran, in power since the Islamic revolution and fall of the Pahlavi dynasty in 1979.

How did Iran become Islamic Republic in 1979?

After a year of strikes and demonstrations paralyzing the country and its economy, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi fled to the United States, and Ruhollah Khomeini returned from exile to Tehran in February 1979, forming a new government. After holding a referendum, Iran officially became an Islamic republic in April 1979.

What is the power structure of Iran?

At the top of Iran's power structure is the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who succeeded Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the father of the Iranian Revolution, upon Khomeini's death in 1989. Khomeini and Khamenei are the only two men to have held the office since the founding of the Islamic Republic in 1979.

How did the Constitutional Revolution change the government in Iran?

The Iranian Constitutional Revolution in the early 20th century created a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy of Mohammad Reza Shah and growing Western political influence.

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