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How old is Olympus Mons on Mars?

Taking the subject of this article, Olympus Mons, as an example, it is between 2 and 110 million years old, based on its scarring from impact craters. Two million years isn’t that old in astronomical time, and considering that other volcanoes on mars have been shown to be more than two billion years old, Olympus Mons may just be getting started!

What is the height of Olympus Mons?

The volcano has a height of over 21.9 km (13.6 mi or 72,000 ft) as measured by the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA). Olympus Mons is about two and a half times Mount Everest 's height above sea level. It is the largest and highest mountain and volcano of the Solar System, and is associated to the Tharsis Montes, a large volcanic region on Mars.

What is the volcanic history of Olympus Mons?

The volcanic history of Olympus Mons spans nearly the entire martian geologic record (Werner et al., 2009), and has been deduced based on crater retention ages of surface units on, and around, the volcano.

Why is Olympus Mons so important?

There are a few reasons why understanding Olympus Mons—and eventually exploring it—is so important. Since the volcano is a shield volcano, rather than a stratovolcano, its eruptions have been less violent and destructive, thus preserving earlier layer beneath it.

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