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Why is Olympus Mons called Olympus Mons?

When it was confirmed to be a mountain by the Mariner 9 mission, scientists renamed it to Olympus Mons. Olympus Mons is a hot spot volcano, much like the ones found in Hawaii. However, the size of volcanoes in Hawaii are limited by plate tectonics.

What is the height of Olympus Mons?

The volcano has a height of over 21.9 km (13.6 mi or 72,000 ft) as measured by the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA). Olympus Mons is about two and a half times Mount Everest 's height above sea level. It is the largest and highest mountain and volcano of the Solar System, and is associated to the Tharsis Montes, a large volcanic region on Mars.

What type of volcano is Olympus Mons on Mars?

Unlike on Earth, the crust of Mars remains fixed over a stationary hotspot, and a volcano can continue to discharge lava until it reaches an enormous height. Being a shield volcano, Olympus Mons has a very gently sloping profile. The average slope on the volcano's flanks is only 5%.

How long has Olympus Mons been active?

Olympus Mons is some 3.5 billion years old, which means the volcano formed early on in Mars’ history. Astronomers suspect Olympus Mons could have stayed volcanically active for hundreds of millions of years. That’s far longer than any volcano on Earth could remain active.

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