Keyword Analysis & Research: sophisme

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What is the meaning of sophism?

A plausible but fallacious argument. Deceptive or fallacious argumentation. [Middle English sophime, sophisme, from Old French sophime, from Latin sophisma, from Greek, from sophizesthai, to be subtle, from sophos, clever, wise .] American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition.

What is a sophist in ancient Greece?

A sophist ( Greek: σοφιστής, sophistes) was a teacher in ancient Greece in the fifth and fourth centuries BC. Sophists specialized in one or more subject areas, such as philosophy, rhetoric, music, athletics (physical culture), and mathematics.

Can sophists find the answers to all questions?

A few sophists claimed that they could find the answers to all questions. Most of these sophists are known today primarily through the writings of their opponents (particularly Plato and Aristotle ), which makes it difficult to assemble an unbiased view of their practices and teachings.

What is the difference between a philosopher and a sophist?

Plato sought to distinguish sophists from philosophers, arguing that a sophist was a person who made his living through deception, whereas a philosopher was a lover of wisdom who sought the truth. To give the philosophers greater credence, Plato gave the sophists a negative connotation.

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