Historically, Sufis have often belonged to different ṭuruq or "orders" – congregations formed around a grand master referred to as a wali who traces a direct chain of successive teachers back to the Islamic prophet Muhammad. These orders meet for spiritual sessions ( majalis) in meeting places known as zawiyas, khanqahs or tekke.What is the School of Sufi teaching?
The School of Sufi Teaching offers instruction in teachings of five main Sufi Orders – the Naqshbandi, Mujaddidi, Chishti, Qadiri and Shadhili Orders. Experience over the centuries has shown that Sufi Meditation (muraqabah) leads to all stages of perfection.What do Sufis believe about Muhammad?
Sufis believe that by giving bayʿah (pledging allegiance) to a legitimate Sufi Shaykh, one is pledging allegiance to Muhammad; therefore, a spiritual connection between the seeker and Muhammad is established. It is through Muhammad that Sufis aim to learn about, understand and connect with God.What is the earliest form of Sufism?
According to Carl W. Ernst the earliest figures of Sufism are Muhammad himself and his companions (Sahabah). Sufi orders are based on the "bay‘ah" (بَيْعَة bay‘ah, مُبَايَعَة mubāya‘ah "pledge, allegiance") that was given to Muhammad by his Ṣahabah.